College of Law
Jerrold A. Long, Dean; David Pimentel, Associate Dean for Faculty Development - Moscow; Wendy Couture, Associate Dean for Faculty Development - Boise; Katie Ball, Associate Dean of Students - Boise; Kristina Running, Associate Dean of Students - Moscow (101 Law Bldg.; 208/885-4977).
The College of Law was organized in 1909 and is the only accredited law school in the state of Idaho. The College is a member of the Association of American Law Schools and is fully accredited by the American Bar Association.
Purpose of the College
The College of Law prepares students to enter the legal profession and represent individuals, businesses, and public and private entities in a wide array of legal and policy matters. The college also prepares students to engage in law-related endeavors in business, government, and non-governmental organizations and to provide important public service in their communities. The curriculum provides instruction over three academic years in the legal rules and principles generally applicable in the United States and international courts, including an emphasis on the ethical responsibilities assumed by legal professionals. The study of law also prepares students for positions of leadership in government, business, or non-profit organizations.
The college's faculty adapt their methods of instruction to promote each student's highest potential. The college encourages individual initiative, the development of critical and logical thought, and effective written and oral communication. Students develop practical skills throughout the curriculum and participate in law-related volunteer service as a condition of graduation. Because the law changes rapidly, mere accumulation of information is subordinated to the more important ends of individual development and training in research, analysis, and critical habits of thought.
Admission to the Bar
The College of Law is fully accredited by the American Bar Association and is a member of the Association of American Law Schools, and its degree is accepted by all state bar associations. Educational prerequisites vary among states, and the secretary of the bar examiners in the state in which the applicant intends to practice should be contacted to determine the existence of special requirements.
Suggestions for Pre-legal Study
The subject matter of pre-legal education is less important than the quality of work performed. Although the most common pre-law majors are English, Political Science, social sciences, or business, law students are drawn from a broad range of undergraduate programs from agriculture and engineering to English and philosophy. The study of law requires logical analysis and effective written and oral communication. Any rigorous course of study that develops these skills is good preparation for law school. Beyond this, a well-rounded education is best. American government and western political philosophy are important in public law; economic and accounting concepts are basic to much business and commercial law; history, literature, philosophy, and psychology all provide useful insights into cultural tradition and human motivation that are important to the interpretation and application of law.
Most universities have a pre-law advisor, often through the Political Science Department, to advise students in selecting appropriate pre-law courses. At Idaho, a pre-law advisor is available through the Political Science Department to guide students in selecting courses within the particular college or university that will meet these objectives. The Admissions Office at the College of Law is also available for general consultation in program planning.
The American Bar Association’s accreditation standards permit law schools to enroll students still in the process of completing their baccalaureate degrees so long as it will be completed by the end of the first year in the Juris Doctor degree. As a result of this standard, many law schools have 3+3 programs that allow undergraduate students, with the permission of their major advisor, to count up to 30 credits of the first year law curriculum toward the completion of the baccalaureate degree. A qualified student would complete three years of the baccalaureate degree and finish the remaining credits through the courses in the first year curriculum of the law degree. The law degree takes three years to complete, thus the 3+3 program title. The combined curriculum takes a year off a of student’s schooling.
The conditions that must be met for a 3+3 degree student to receive serious consideration from the College of Law Admissions Committee are:
- demonstration of outstanding ability by a cumulative grade point average at the most recently entered class median or higher, currently a 3.24 GPA;
- demonstration of excellent aptitude for law study by a score on the LSAT at the most recently entered class median or higher, currently a 152; and
- submission of a letter from the undergraduate major department attesting to the fact that the applicant will receive the baccalaureate degree after the successful completion of up to 30 credits of law study.
Application for Admission
Applicants for admission must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited four-year college or university by the date of enrollment at the College of Law. In special cases, it may be possible to be admitted after three years of undergraduate study: contact the College of Law for more information. Applicants must also arrange for a complete Law School Data Assembly Service (LSDAS) report, which consists of a Law School Admission Test (LSAT) score, copies of transcripts, and other relevant information.
Arrangements for taking the LSAT must be made by the individual applicant directly with the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) well in advance of the dates set for the LSAT. The dates and places for the test, application forms, and a bulletin of information about the test may be obtained by writing directly to LSAC, 662 Penn St., Newtown, PA 18940, by calling LSAC at 215-968-1001, or on their web site at www.lsac.org. This information may also be obtained from the pre-law advisor of most colleges and universities.
Commercial materials on the LSAT are available at most bookstores, and LSAT preparation courses may be found in many locations. Applicants are advised to study for the test ahead of time. Old LSAT scores are acceptable as long as an LSDAS Report can be assembled by the testing service.
Registration with the LSDAS is required of all applicants. Instructions on registration for the LSDAS report and an application form for the purpose are contained in the same bulletin that describes the LSAT. Applicants should accomplish this registration at the same time they register for the LSAT. It is the applicant's responsibility to assure that LSDAS has all required information and that the applicant's LSDAS Report is complete for release to the College of Law. Be advised that it may take up to six weeks for an LSDAS Report to reach the College of Law.
While the College of Law considers applications upon completion, all required admission credentials listed below should be postmarked no later than February 15 to be assured timely consideration for admission in the fall. The College of Law will request an LSDAS Report from LSAC on receipt of an application and application fee. The college is unable to consider the application until an LSDAS Report has been received. This requires applicants to take the LSAT no later than the preceding December. However, in order to assure timely application, the October LSAT, almost a year before admission, is recommended. The college cannot be responsible for delays in the mail or at the LSDAS.
Decision on Admission
Admissions decisions are made by a faculty committee. The college receives many more applications than it can accept. Consequently, the Admissions Committee must deny admission to many who are qualified to study law. In general, offers of admission are extended to those judged to present the greatest promise for success in law school. Matters relating to character are also considered in the admissions process.
Although undergraduate grade point average and LSAT scores are the most important factors used to arrive at this judgment, the committee will consider any additional information that an applicant believes is important in assessing his or her ability to perform law school work. A personal statement often provides insight into an applicant's motivation for attending law school, as well as functioning as a sample of writing ability, and is probably the most helpful additional item for most applicants. Graduate work and/or work experience may provide evidence of achievement and capabilities inadequately addressed by standard credentials. Letters of recommendation and prior written work may also help in assessing an applicant's relative promise. Letters of recommendation should be limited to three, and should address the applicant's ability to engage in critical analysis and to communicate orally and/or in writing. The cultural and socioeconomic background of applicants is also considered to ensure the College of Law remains open to all students, as well as provides an environment in which diverse viewpoints are represented.
As a state-supported institution, the College of Law extends a preference to timely applicants who are Idaho residents. It is possible to establish Idaho residency for tuition purposes either prior to or after enrolling at the College of Law. Residency determinations are made by the University of Idaho Registrar’s Office; inquiries about residency should accordingly be directed to that office at 208-885-6731.
Admission to the College of Law is very competitive. The median undergraduate grade point average for enrolled students is typically around 3.40, and the median LSAT score was 152 for the Class of 2016. Statistics for the current year can be found at www.uidaho.edu/law/admissions.
Every effort is made to notify timely applicants of a decision by early April. A small percentage of applicants may be placed in the "standby pool" and may not receive a final decision until late summer, subject to space available in the incoming class.
Upon acceptance, a $500 deposit is required to secure a place in the fall entering class. This deposit will be applied to student fees upon registration. In cases of special need, the deposit may be waived.
Transfers from Other Schools
Space in each law school class is limited. Therefore, only a few transfers into the second year class can be accommodated. Special standards apply, and within these standards, a degree of preference is extended to residents of Idaho. Students transferring into our program are expected to complete at least three semesters at Idaho. Students desiring to study here for a lesser period should arrange to have credits at Idaho accepted toward a degree from the law college in which they are currently enrolled. Before a transfer applicant is considered, we must have a final transcript of all work that will have been undertaken at other law schools on file by the time of transfer. We also require a letter from the dean or associate dean following the completion of all such work that states that the applicant remains in good standing, is eligible to continue without any condition or qualification, and ranks in the top 50 percent of his or her law school class. Consequently, for an applicant currently enrolled in a law school, no decision on transfer will be possible until June or later, when all grades from current work are available. If an applicant attends a summer session of a school of law, it will not be possible to process a final acceptance until the close of the summer session. If an applicant needs some guidance before results of his or her spring semester's work become available, a tentative opinion about probable admissibility may be given.
Students who are not degree candidates in the College of Law but are enrolled elsewhere at the University of Idaho are permitted to register for law courses if they receive permission from both the course instructor and the Associate Dean of Students and Administration. Such courses cannot be credited toward a law degree even if the student is later admitted to the College of Law.
See the section on "Fees and Expenses".
Grades for courses taken in the College of Law shall be awarded on the basis of A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, D-, and F; provided, however, that by resolution the law faculty may designate any course, or courses, to be graded on a pass-fail or pass-no pass basis. Any approved course work taken at any other law school will be recorded on the transcript as a "P," if the student earned a "C" or better in that course. No credit will be awarded for work done at another law school if the student earned less than a grade of "C." Up to 6 credit hours of UI graduate level courses may be taken with special permission of the associate dean. Credits will be recorded as "P" for course work in which the student earns a "B" or better. Grades of "P" are not included in calculating a student's grade-point average or class ranking in the College of Law. Exceptions to the above may be made for UI graduate level courses used in the approved UI law/graduate concurrent degree programs.
Grade-point averages of students in the College of Law shall be computed by assigning the following numerical point values per semester hours: A = 4.00; A- = 3.67; B+ = 3.33; B = 3.00; B- = 2.67; C+ = 2.33; C = 2.00; C- = 1.67; D+ = 1.33; D = 1.00; D- = 0.67; F (or "fail" under the pass-fail basis) = 0.00. The cumulative grade-point average is the quotient of total points assigned, divided by total hours undertaken. Courses in which marks of I, W, P (pass) or NP (no pass) have been given shall be disregarded in the computation. All course grades shall be included on the transcript and (except for marks of I, W, P or NP) in the calculation of the grade-point average, even if courses have been repeated. (For further information about repeating courses, see below.)
This grading system applies in determining:
- eligibility for continuing study in the College of Law;
- compliance with requirements for the Juris Doctor degree; and
- class ranking within the College of Law.
Grades in most courses offered by the College of Law are awarded on the basis of performance in a single written examination conducted at the end of the semester. In courses where it is so announced, grades on written projects or classroom participation may be included.
Unless arranged in advance by the professor, students receiving an "incomplete" grade for a course must remove that grade within six weeks after the first day of classes of the following fall or spring semester. Incompletes not made up before that date automatically revert to the grade indicated by the professor as the "permanent" grade, usually an "F." The grade ultimately given will be computed in the GPA for the semester in which the class was begun.
Repeating Courses for Credit
A student who has completed a law school course in which s/he has received a grade of C-, D+, D, or D- may repeat that law school course once (the "repeated course"), subject to the following conditions:
- The credit hours earned by the student upon completion of the repeated course shall appear on the law school transcript, but shall not be applied toward the total number of required credit hours for award of the Juris Doctor degree by the College of Law.
- The grade earned by the student upon completion of the repeated course shall appear on the student’s law school transcript, but shall not be calculated as part of the student’s law school grade point average.
Repeating Failed Courses
- A student who has completed a law school course in which s/he has received a grade of F (the "failed course") shall receive no credit hours for application toward the total number of required credit hours for award of the Juris Doctor degree by the College of Law, but the grade shall be calculated as part of the student’s law school grade point average.
- If the failed course is a course required for graduation the student must repeat the course and receive a grade above an F, in order to satisfy the graduation requirements. If the failed course is not required for graduation, the student may repeat the course one time only. If a student repeats a failed course and passes the course, the credit hours and grade received in the repeated course shall be treated as follows:
- The credit hours earned by the student upon completion of the repeated course shall appear on the law school transcript and shall be applied toward the total number of required credit hours for award of the Juris Doctor degree by the College of Law.
- The grade earned by the student upon completion of the repeated course shall appear on the student’s law school transcript, but shall not be calculated as part of the student’s law school grade point average.
LAW 404 (s) Special Topics
LAW 805 Civil Procedure and Introduction to Law
Overview of U.S. legal systems, providing basics on civil litigation and legal principles. Covers litigation topics including pleadings, pretrial management, discovery, summary judgment, trial, post-trial motions, judgment, personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction and related topics with a focus on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
LAW 806 Civil Procedure II
LAW 807 Property
Future interests, landlord and tenant, bailment, easements, covenants respecting the use and enjoyment of land, rights incident to land ownership and fixtures, adverse possession, gifts of personal property, conveyance of land, recording acts, land title assurance, and public control of land use.
LAW 809 Torts
The common law providing private redress for injuries primarily to person or property. The course examines the three basic theories of tort liability: intent, negligence, and strict liability.
LAW 812 Criminal Law
The sources and purposes of the criminal law; the meaning of criminal responsibility, the elements of crimes, and the administration of criminal justice.
LAW 813 Contracts I
Basic elements of private, consensual agreements enforced by law under common law and UCC Article 2: formation, principles of bargain or reliance, methods to police the bargain, interpretation, performance/breach and remedies for breach, defenses to liability, and the rights and liabilities of third parties upon assignment and delegation.
LAW 814 Contracts II
LAW 815 Legal Writing and Analysis
0 or 5 credits, max 5
Year-long course. Course focusing on written legal analysis in the context of writing predictive and persuasive legal memoranda, along with an introduction to oral advocacy.
LAW 816 Constitutional Law I
An examination of the institution of judicial review and of the constitutional divisions of government power in the United States; the principles of separation of powers and federalism; and the constitutional protection of certain individual rights and liberties, particularly under the 14th Amendment.
LAW 817 Academic Skills Lab I
Fundamental skills instruction designed to develop the legal analysis and writing skills needed to perform well in law school. Topics include critical reading, case briefing, course outlining, issue spotting, exam outlining, and exam writing. Graded P/F.
LAW 818 Academic Skills Lab II
Intensive instruction focused on enhancing students’ skills by written and oral exercises in case reading, briefing, analyzing, synthesizing, note taking, outlining, communicating, and exam taking skills. The course also addresses study habits, time management, and stress reduction. Graded P/F.
LAW 821 Legal Research
Basic elements of legal research in print and electronic resources, including generating search terms; researching secondary sources, cases, and statutes; and using citators for case research.
LAW 850 First Amendment Seminar
Amendment’s Speech, Press, Association, Establishment, and Free Exercise Clauses, and the interrelatedness between free expression and religious freedoms. The course investigates analytical problems in First Amendment jurisprudence including philosophical foundations of free expression, free association, free exercise of religion, and the prohibition against government establishment of religion.
Prereq: LAW 816 and LAW 905
LAW 851 Advanced Torts
Selected topics in tort law, including products liability, traditional strict liability, defamation, and business torts. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
Prereq: LAW 809
LAW 852 Natural Resource and Environmental Law Field Course
Summer field course exploring the implementation of natural resource and environmental law on the ground in Idaho, focusing on the effects of state and federal resource management and protection statutes on public and private landscapes. Accelerated course.
LAW 853 Education Law
Issues pertaining to the history and structure of U.S. public education including religious and private school alternatives, school funding, curriculum and governance, student supervision, equal educational opportunity issues including race and disability, employment issues including collective bargaining, and students’ and teachers’ rights and responsibilities including free speech and due process.
LAW 854 Corporate Taxation
Taxation of all aspects of a corporation's life-cycle, including formation, financing, capital structure, distributions, redemptions, reorganizations, and liquidation. The course covers both tax provisions applying to all corporations and those provisions applying specifically to the flow-though “S” corporation. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study. Recommended Preparation: LAW 919.
Prereq: LAW 930
LAW 855 Water Law Practicum
Skills course where students take part in various stages of a water law dispute including settlement negotiations, state supreme court briefing, and oral argument. In-depth treatment of cutting edge issues in water law , with an emphasis on the intricate interplay between law, history and science. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
Prereq: LAW 942
Coreq: LAW 971
LAW 856 Legal Writing and Research for LL.M. Students
Basic principles of American legal writing for foreign-trained lawyers. Topics covered include the American court system, common law, case briefing, legal analysis, and fundamentals of legal research. Students complete multiple writing and research assignments of increasing complexity geared to exercise their analytical and problem solving abilities.
Prereq: Registered as L.L.M. student
LAW 857 Introduction to American Law and Legal Education
Examination of the American legal system for foreign-trained lawyers. Topics, related to both statutory and common law, include fundamental legal concepts, key doctrinal areas of law, the American legal education system, how laws are made and function, and how law evolves over time.
Prereq: Registered as L.L.M. student
LAW 858 Advanced Criminal Procedure: Adjudications
A study of the federal constitutional constraints on criminal adjudications, with a focus on the right to counsel, pretrial release, the grand jury, prosecutorial discretion, discovery obligations, guilty pleas and plea bargaining, jury trial rights, double jeopardy, and sentencing.
Prereq or Coreq: LAW 953
LAW 859 Advanced Advocacy
A simulation course focusing on advanced persuasive writing techniques and oral advocacy skills.
Prereq: LAW 815
LAW 860 Applied Legal Reasoning
Training in the analytical, writing, and organizational skills needed to efficiently analyze legal questions under time pressure and prepare for the bar exam. Using 2–3 doctrinal subjects, students apply critical reading, issue spotting, organizational, and writing skills to multiple-choice, essay, and performance problems. Open only to students in their last year of law school. Graded P/F.
LAW 861 Civil Rights Litigation
In Civil Rights Litigation, students develop a basic understanding of claims, defenses and remedies available in 42 U.S.C. § 1983 actions, including claims brought against the police and prisons. Students will also be introduced to employment, disability and housing discrimination. They will be able to identify and evaluate litigation and alternative dispute resolution strategy, from both a plaintiff’s and defendant’s perspective.
Prereq: LAW 816
LAW 901 (s) Seminar
See the Class Schedule for specific topics.
LAW 903 Introduction to Intellectual Property
Introduction to the four substantive areas of intellectual property: trade secrets, trademarks, copyrights, and patents, with an emphasis on the tension in each body of law between private rights and the public’s interest.
LAW 904 Federal Courts
The constitutional structure and the practical role of the federal court system, with great emphasis on the working relationship between federal and state courts.
LAW 905 Constitutional Law II
Study of individual rights and liberties protected by the Constitution.
LAW 906 Natural Resource Law Seminar
Selected topics in natural resources law and policy. Topics vary with the interest of the instructor and students. (Spring, alt/years)
LAW 907 Administrative Law
An examination of the constitutional limits on administrative agencies, the procedural requirements for agency decision making, and judicial review of agency actions. The focus is on federal administrative law.
LAW 908 Workplace Law
Survey course covering state common law exceptions to the employment at will doctrine, federal anti-discrimination statutes, federal statutory protection of collective activity, and other state and federal law governing the employment relationship; exploration of the processes of hiring, firing, and setting the terms and conditions of employment.
LAW 910 Antitrust
Study of the application of the antitrust law to cooperation among competitors, agreements between suppliers and customers regarding the resale of products, exclusive dealing arrangements, monopolization, and mergers.
LAW 912 Civil Mediation
Credit may not be earned in both LAW 912 and LAW 913. A study of conflict resolution, negotiation, and mediation theory, process, and skills. Exploration of each stage of the mediation process and attendant strategies and skills. Offered through the Northwest Institute for Dispute Resolution. Accelerated course. Graded P/F.
LAW 913 Family Mediation
Credit may not be earned in both LAW 912 and LAW 913. A skills-based study of family mediation designed for those wishing to mediate or represent clients in the mediation process. Topics covered include structuring the mediation process, guidelines for division of assets, construction of parenting plans, and ethical concerns. Offered through the Northwest Institute for Dispute Resolution. Accelerated course. Graded P/F.
LAW 914 (s) Dispute Resolution
1 credit, max 4
Specialty course in dispute resolution offered through the Northwest Institute for Dispute Resolution. Course topic and content will be announced in advance. Accelerated course. Graded P/F.
LAW 916 Public International Law
Survey of major areas of the law of nations and international organizations.
LAW 917 Negotiation and Appropriate Dispute Resolution
Simulation and seminar style instruction in negotiation techniques, mediation and arbitration, focusing on skill development and legal and ethical issues frequently faced by lawyers.
LAW 918 Internet Law
Introduction to the legal and policy challenges presented by commerce and communication on the Internet. Topics include Internet governance, sovereignty and jurisdiction, free speech, privacy and surveillance, and the protection of intellectual property. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 919 Business Associations
Agency, partnerships, corporations, and other types of business organizations; limitations on powers and authority of partners, corporate officers, and directors.
LAW 920 Securities Regulation
The law of corporate finance under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
LAW 921 Accounting for Lawyers
Examination of basic accounting principles designed as background for the tax and business law courses for those students without accounting and business experience and intended to make the lawyer conversant with accountants.
LAW 922 Trademarks and Trade Dress
Trademarks and trade dress include words, symbols, colors, pictures, packaging and product design by which businesses identify themselves and their products and services. This course examines the validity of rights claimed in trademarks and trade dress and what conduct infringes these rights.
LAW 923 Payment Systems
The study of paper-based and other methods of payment under state and federal law with primary focus on the law of negotiable instruments under Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code, Bank Deposits and Collections, and Electronic Funds Transfers under Articles 4 and 4A of the UCC and Federal Reserve Board Regulations J and CC and related federal statutes.
LAW 924 Sales
The study of the law relating to the sale of goods under Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code and related statutes and treaties, including introduction to the structure, purposes, and policies of the Uniform Commercial Code.
LAW 925 Property Security
Overview of the law relating to secured credit including the mechanisms for creating enforceable security and mortgage interests in real and personal property.
LAW 926 Bankruptcy
Federal bankruptcy law, the collective forum for resolving the rights of financially distressed debtors and their creditors, emphasizing basic principles applicable to all filings, liquidation, or rehabilitation of consumer debtors, and the pervasive effect of bankruptcy on everything from family law to business transactions and relationships.
LAW 927 Partnership and LLC Taxation
Examination of the income tax treatment of partners and partnerships, including Limited Liability Companies and their members, covering the entity’s life cycle through formation, operation, and liquidation. Topics include the income tax consequences of the sale of a partnership interest, as well as the death or retirement of a partner. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
Prereq: LAW 930
LAW 928 Tribal Nation Economics and Law
Cross-listed with AIST 478
Survey of economic development strategies by various Tribal Nations, including an overview of federal incentive programs and disincentives for the growth of strong tribal economies. Tribal legal codes, commercial projects, and federal Indian law parameters will be discussed. Topics will include: the tribal government-owned corporate model, gaming enterprises, economic diversification, the federal 8(a) program, limitations on tribal tax-exempt bond offerings, and value-added on-reservation products. LAW 928 is a law class and will be graded based on the norms and expectations to which law students are normally held. AIST 478 is an undergraduate course that will be assessed on a P/F basis according to the general norms and expectations for an upper division undergraduate course. (Spring, alt/years)
LAW 930 Taxation
Income and deductions, accounting methods, transactions resulting in capital gain, deferral of tax, and choice of the taxable person; introduction to tax procedure and to income taxation of trusts, estates, and partnerships.
LAW 931 Patents
This course will examine the law and policy underlying the U.S. patent system, with a focus on the legal means for obtaining, challenging, and enforcing patent rights. A technical background is not required, but a willingness to engage with some technical aspects of patentable subject matter is.
LAW 932 Estate Planning
Inter vivos, testate, and intestate disposition of property with emphasis upon estate and gift tax impact and consideration of the law of future interests.
Prereq or Coreq: LAW 941
LAW 933 State Debtor-Creditor Law
Study of the legal mechanisms for enforcing judgments, and the rights and protections of debtors and creditors as a matter of state law.
LAW 934 Land-Use Law and Planning
This course addresses the regulation of private lands by state and local governments; will investigate social and cultural agreements about land as influenced by and institutionalized in Constitutional protections, state statutory regimes and local programs; and will develop a working knowledge of the general legal principles, and policy and planning issues relevant to private land management. Enrollment limited to 25 students.
LAW 938 International Environmental and Water Law
An examination of international environmental law and the law of international water courses. (Spring only)
LAW 939 Law, Science, and the Environment
The use of science in the courtroom and in agency decision making, with emphasis on natural resources and environmental law. This course will explore both the process and substantive areas of selected areas of science and the law. Recommended Preparation: LAW 907. (Spring, alt/years)
LAW 940 International Human Rights
An overview of international rights and humanitarian law and advocacy, including a focus on particular topics of timely interest determined by the instructor and students.
LAW 941 Wills, Estates, and Trusts
Intestate succession, wills, and administration of estates in probate.
LAW 942 Water Law I
The basics of water allocation law with a focus on western water law. Study of the development of the common law of water allocation and of comprehensive statutory systems including the implementation of water law through administrative agencies and water rights adjudication. One-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 944 State and Local Government Law
Review of the source, scope, and limits of local government power, with reference to Idaho and other state examples. The course will consider the relationship of local governments to the state and federal government, as well as to neighboring communities and individuals.
LAW 945 Community Property
Special problems that arise in connection with the community property system in the western states.
LAW 946 Water and Energy Policy Seminar
An examination of advanced topics in water and energy law. Recommended Preparation: LAW 942. (Spring, alt/years)
LAW 947 Environmental Law
Environmental planning and protection, regulation of air and water pollution, waste disposal, use of pesticides and other toxic chemicals, and remedies for environmental injury. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students.
LAW 948 Public Lands and Resources Law
This course examines the natural resource allocation and management systems applicable to the public lands, including the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, National Forest Management Act, Mineral Leasing Act, Wilderness Act, and other relevant federal statutes.
LAW 949 Native American Law
Cross-listed with AIST 420
Study of Tribal Sovereignty and interaction with the U.S. government at various levels with an emphasis on treaty rights, jurisdictional issues, the trust relationship, protection of lands, the eras of U.S. Indian policy, and the continued assertion of tribal rights and interests. LAW 949 is a law class and will be graded based on the norms and expectations to which law students are normally held. AIST 420 is an undergraduate course that will be assessed on a P/F basis according to the general norms and expectations for an upper division undergraduate course.
LAW 950 Evidence
The law governing the presentation of proof in Idaho and federal courts.
LAW 951 Environmental Policy
An examination of advanced topics in environmental law and policy. Recommended Preparation: LAW 947. Limited enrollment. (Spring, alt/years)
LAW 952 Remedies
Consideration of legal and equitable relief available to aggrieved parties in contractual or other relationships.
LAW 953 Criminal Procedure: Investigations
A study of the federal constitutional constraints on criminal investigations, with a focus on searches and seizures, arrests, interrogations, identification procedures, and the right to counsel.
LAW 954 Trial Skills
Credit cannot be earned in both LAW 954 and LAW 958. Instruction in the skills fundamental to litigation and the techniques of persuasive witness examination and argument, combining classroom instruction and individually critiqued student exercises. Limited enrollment.
Prereq: LAW 950 and Permission
LAW 955 Appellate Advocacy Program
A brief-writing and oral advocacy course run as the McNichols Moot Court competition. Students attend class once a week for the first six weeks of the semester, write a two-issue appellate brief, and make a minimum of two oral arguments. Accelerated course. Graded P/NP; credits earned are not class hours.
Prereq: LAW 815
LAW 956 Moot Court
1 or 2 credits
Preparation of appellate briefs and argument of cases orally in regional or national competition; grading and evaluating briefs of students participating in second-year appellate advocacy program (with approval of the faculty advisor of the second-year appellate advocacy program); the faculty supervisor of each competition is the final arbiter of the number of credits awarded within the guidelines. Graded P/F; credits earned are not class hours. Only those students who will complete all the activities for their appellate moot court program (including attending the competition) by the end of fall semester may register for credits in the fall semester; all other students eligible for credits under this course register in the spring. Graded P/F; credits earned are not class hours. Limited enrollment.
LAW 957 Mock Trial
Participation as an attorney on a mock trial team in regional or national competition; the faculty supervisor of each competition is the final arbiter of the credits awarded within the guidelines.
Prereq: LAW 954 or LAW 958 or Permission
LAW 958 Trial Advocacy
Credit cannot be earned in both LAW 954 and LAW 958. An intensive seven-day course offered the week before classes regularly begin in the fall. The course follows the National Institute of Trial Advocacy Training format of faculty demonstration, discussion, student performance, and critique, culminating in a mock jury trial on the last day of the training. Limited enrollment. Graded P/F.
Prereq: LAW 950 and Permission; Limited to third-year law students unless waived by the Director of Clinical Programs
LAW 959 Critical Legal Studies
2-3 credits, max 3
Critical Studies focuses on deconstructing traditional hierarchies within the law and legal institutions and looks to foster change by critically analyzing the law and these institutions. This course will cover one or more of the following subjects: Feminism, Critical Race Studies, Race-Feminism, Gender/Gender Identity/Queer Studies. 3 credit course covers more areas of study.
LAW 960 Conflict of Laws
A study of the principles for deciding which law applies to incidents and transactions crossing state lines and of the constitutional limitations on a state's rights to impose its own law in suits arising out of such incidents and transactions; enforcement of foreign judgments, the jurisdiction of courts, and the special jurisdictional problems in domestic relations cases.
LAW 961 Jurisprudence
Consideration of the various views and philosophies of law as expressed in classical and contemporary writings; methods of legal analysis, the relationship between law and justice, between law and power, and between law and truth.
LAW 962 Professional Responsibility
Status and function of the legal profession, responsibility to clients, the profession, the public, and the administration of justice. This course must be taken no later than the summer following the second year of law studies.
LAW 963 Family Law
Legal problems of the family, including marriage, annulment, adoption, and divorce.
LAW 964 Children and the Law
Examines the legal status of children, including topics such as the parent-child relationship, guardianship, representation of children, neglect, and adoption. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 965 Elder Law
An overview of the legal regimes and practical issues that face lawyers representing older clients. Topics include Social Security, pensions, annuities, Medicare, Medicaid, health care decision-making, property management, special needs trusts, guardianships, conservatorships, elder abuse, elder housing, end of life issues, and special ethical issues for attorneys representing elder persons. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 966 Legal Drafting
This course will familiarize students with transactional and litigation documents, writing for different audiences, and the effective and appropriate use of forms. Students will focus on strategic use of language, avoiding ambiguity, and writing with clarity. General topics covered will include client letters, contracts, and a complaint and answer. Limited enrollment.
LAW 967 Advanced Legal Writing
This course will focus on advanced writing concepts, including advanced study of standards of review, development of policy arguments and legislative intent analysis, writing jury instructions, drafting statutes, and drafting judicial opinions; additionally, there will be a heavy emphasis on style. As such, it is assumed that students have mastered the skills learned in Legal Research & Writing. This course does not satisfy the upper division writing requirement. Limited enrollment.
Prereq: LAW 815 with a minimum grade of ‘C’ or Permission of instructor
LAW 968 Domestic Violence and the Law
This seminar will cover the legal system's response to the problem of domestic violence and to a lesser extent, stalking and sexual assault. Students will explore both civil and criminal avenues of redress. Existing shortcomings of those responses, and proposed reforms, will be examined. The course will address how domestic violence is treated in a variety of legal contexts, including in relation to child abuse, custody, visitation, mediation, parent education at divorce, relocation, child abduction, and torts. Students will partner with members of the Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Clinic to assist clinic students on actual domestic violence and sexual assault cases. Students are expected to complete sixty hours of clinical service, a paper and a class presentation. Students enrolled in the Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault clinic may take the Domestic Violence & the Law seminar for 2 credit hours and will not be required to complete additional hours of clinical service.
LAW 969 Water Law II
In-depth study of topics necessary for the modern practice of water law by approaching water law from the watershed perspective. This perspective also tends to reflect the perspective of water users and other interests who seek solutions to problems that take into account the interaction of the fragmented system of water regulation in the United States
Prereq: LAW 942
LAW 970 Advanced Legal Research
An advanced course covering all forms of materials, in all formats (print, microformat, electronic), available for conducting legal research.
Prereq: First year legal, research, and writing
LAW 971 Lawyering Process Seminar
Client representation skills, with an emphasis on pre-trial civil litigation; classroom and simulation instruction in interviewing, counseling and negotiating skills, pleading, discovery, and motion practice. Limited enrollment.
LAW 973 Non-Classroom Credit Public Service Externship
1-10 credits, max 10
Students perform legal work in selected public service positions under the supervision of experienced judges and lawyers. Graded P/F. Credits earned are not classroom credits. Note: a maximum of 5 credits may be taken during the summer semester.
LAW 974 Legal Aid Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
From time to time, specific legal aid clinics may be offered. The content of such clinics is announced in advance of the semester in which they are offered.
Prereq: LAW 962; and Permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
LAW 975 Classroom Credit Public Service Externship
1-5 credits, max 10
Students perform legal work in selected public service positions under the supervision of experienced judges and lawyers. Students must attend periodic classes. Graded P/F.
LAW 976 Semester in Practice
1-12 credits, max 12
Students attend periodic classes and perform legal work in the public or private sector under the supervision of a faculty supervisor. Open only to students in their last year of law school. Graded P/F.
LAW 977 Clinical Lab
1 credit, max 4
One-credit lab courses providing clinical experience for interested upper-division students. The labs, designed to allow students to obtain practical experience in conjunction with upper-division substantive courses, labs are supervised by experienced practitioners. Graded P/F.
LAW 978 Entrepreneurship Law Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
Real-life experience handling transactional legal problems and assisting businesses and not-for-profits.
Prereq: LAW 919 and LAW 962; and LAW 966, LAW 967, or LAW 971; and Permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
LAW 979 Native American Natural Resource Law
Study of the natural resources over which Tribal Nations assert stewardship or seek to influence others regarding protection of resources including sacred sites, land use and environmental protection, natural resource development, taxation, water rights, rights associated with hunting, fishing and gathering, and international approaches to indigenous lands and resources. Recommended Preparation: LAW 949.
LAW 980 Copyrights
A survey of U.S. domestic copyright law, focusing on current provisions of the Copyright Act of 1976, as amended, and leading cases interpreting those provisions. Particular attention is paid to policy challenges created by the Internet and by the increasing internationalization of copyright law. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 981 Critical Legal Studies Journal
1-4 credits, max 4
Participation in the student edited Crit Law Journal. Credit awarded upon approval of the editor-in-chief and faculty advisor. Graded pass-fail; credits earned are not classroom credit hours.
Prereq: Acceptance to the Crit Journal
LAW 982 Law Review
1-4 credits, max 4
Graded P/F; credits earned are not class hours. The awarding of credit is subject to approval by the editor-in-chief and faculty advisor.
LAW 983 Directed Study
1-2 credits, max 4
Individual research on a significant legal problem and the writing of a paper thereon that must be approved by the faculty member under whose direction the work is done. Graded P/F; credits earned are not class hours.
LAW 984 Real Estate Transactions
Aspects of the standard commercial real estate purchase transaction, including real estate contracts, title issues, construction, default, financing, leasing, and structuring real estate development transactions. Two-credit course covers fewer areas of study.
LAW 985 Immigration Law and Policy
The rights and limitations relating to various types of immigration status, different kinds of visas, admission and removal procedures, grounds of inadmissibility and deportation, and defenses.
LAW 986 Judicial Clerkship Seminar
Seminar focusing on advanced writing concepts within the judicial context, with instruction on common types of legal writing practiced by judicial clerks.
LAW 987 Law Practice Management
Topics in the business of law practice, including accepting and billing clients, managing case files and client trust accounts, making business arrangements, and managing human, physical, and financial resources. Graded Pass/No Pass. Two-credit course covers more areas of study.
LAW 988 Writing the Environment
Intensive writing course limited to 3L students completing the Natural Resources and Environmental Law Emphasis. Students will develop critical legal writing and analytical skills through public presentations and defenses of their own written work, and the review and editing of their colleagues’ works. Permission required. Graded Pass/No Pass. (Fall only)
LAW 989 Mass Media Law
Seminar addressing legal issues in new technologies and the rapidly changing mass-media environment. Topics are generally organized around a single theme, such as First Amendment law and theory, privacy or Freedom of Information Act issues, commercial speech regulation, and media and the electoral process.
LAW 991 Skill Practicum
From time to time, specific skills courses are arranged and made available for a semester. The exact content of each skills course is announced in advance of the semester in which it is offered.
LAW 992 White Collar Crime
Federal law prohibiting financial, non-violent crime, including fraud, racketeering, and bribery. The course examines principles of statutory interpretation, grand jury investigations, parallel civil proceedings, corporate and individual responsibility, sentencing guidelines, and federal-state coordination.
LAW 994 Economic Development Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
Legal aid clinic in which legal interns assist Idaho counties, cities, tribes, and non-governmental agencies with economic development issues and legal problems. Recommended Preparation: LAW 934.
Prereq: LAW 962; and permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
LAW 995 Main Street Law Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
Representing clients in proceedings primarily involving family law issues including divorce, custody, termination of parental rights, adoption, and contempt proceedings. Clinic students also advocate for victims in domestic violence protection order hearings, defend clients in criminal misdemeanor cases, and represent clients in consumer protection matters, landlord-tenant disputes, and probate actions.
Prereq: LAW 950, LAW 962, and LAW 971; and permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
Coreq: LAW 958
LAW 996 Immigration Litigation & Appellate Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
Represent immigrant clients under the supervision of clinical faculty. Cases may include deportation defense and challenges to immigration detention on the U.S. Course of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, the Board of Immigration Appeals, and the Immigration Courses, as well as affirmative applications for citizenship, permanent, residence, asylum, and other protections.
Prereq: LAW 950, LAW 962, LAW 971, and LAW 985 or permission; and permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
Coreq: LAW 958
LAW 997 Mediation Clinic
1-6 credits, max 9
Legal aid clinic in which legal interns provide mediation services and hone their skills in communication, facilitation, negotiation, organization, and ethics.
Prereq: LAW 912 or LAW 913; and LAW 950, LAW 962, and LAW 971; and permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
LAW 998 Tax Clinic
2-6 credits, max 9
Representation of low-income taxpayers in disputes with the IRS at the audit, appeals, collection, and Tax Court levels. Students are exposed to the Boise tax community through frequent practitioner guest lecturers, an IRS field trip, and by attending Tax Court calendars, and they are required to complete a community outreach project. Recommended Preparation: LAW 927, LAW 950, and LAW 958.
Prereq: LAW 930, LAW 962, and LAW 971; and permission; and qualification for limited license as legal intern in Idaho
LAW 999 (s) Study Abroad/Off Campus
Prereq: Permission of Associate Dean for Students and Administration, College of Law/