Wildlife Resources (WLF)

WLF 102 The Fish and Wildlife Professions

1 credit
Cross-listed with FISH 102.
Orientation of students to the profession of fishery resources and wildlife resources: introduction to fish and wildlife faculty, review of fish and wildlife curriculum, awareness of career opportunities, employment procedures, associated job duties/responsibilities, job preparation, educational preparation, and management challenges in the Pacific Northwest. (Fall only)

WLF 105 Hunter Education

1 credit
The course provides an overview of hunter ethics; wildlife management, conservation, and survival; and wildlife laws and law enforcement. This course also fulfills the state requirement for hunter education for purchase of a hunting license. Course includes in-class instruction and one outdoor field day. Graded Pass/Fail.

WLF 200 (s) Seminar

Credit arranged.

WLF 201 Fish and Wildlife Applications I

1 credit
This two semester sequence (WLF 201, FISH 202) of courses will introduce students to research questions and methods in fish and wildlife sciences, the culture and organization of potential state, federal and tribal employers, and management challenges for fish and wildlife populations and habitats. The course will include an experiential learning field trip.
Prereq: NR 101 or Permission .

WLF 203 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged.

WLF 204 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

WLF 205 Wildlife Law Enforcement

2 credits
This course will provide students with an introduction to the history of wildlife laws and the role of a Conservation Officer. It will also provide students with a better understanding of wildlife crimes and the impact they have on fish and wildlife. This course is designed for students seeking a career in wildlife law enforcement as well as those pursuing a career in wildlife/fisheries/habitat management.

WLF 220 Principles of Ecology

3 credits
Cross-listed with FOR 221 and REM 221.
Principles of ecology and their relevance to management of natural resources. Major topics include plant and wildlife population, community, ecosystem, and landscape level processes and how these processes interact with the environment. Exploration of how ecosystems are affected by humans and global change. Introduction to the types of questions asked by ecologists, the principal concepts and theories that guide ecological inquiry, and the methods that are used to answer ecological questions. Both terrestrial and aquatic systems are considered.
Prereq: BIOL 102/BIOL 102L or BIOL 114 or BIOL 115 or PLSC 205; or Permission.

WLF 299 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged.

WLF 314 Ecology of Terrestrial Vertebrates

3 credits
Ecology and natural history of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. (Fall only)
Prereq: FOR 221, REM 221, or BIOL 314.

WLF 315 Techniques Laboratory

2 credits
Techniques associated with wildlife research and local habitats and areas where wildlife species are present. Three hours of lab a week. One weekend field trip required. Two additional animal trapping sessions also required. (Fall only)
Prereq or Coreq: WLF 314 .

WLF 370 Management and Communication of Scientific Data

2 credits
Students will learn skills for managing and presenting scientific data. Spreadsheets and basic data management software, summary, and graphical representation. Written presentation of scientific information will include organization, grammar, and citation formats appropriate for scientific reports.

WLF 371 Physiological Ecology of Fish and Wildlife

3 credits
Study of how biotic and abiotic components of the environment influence animal physiology, and how the physiology of animals influences their ecology (e.g., behavior, distribution, etc.). Major topics include energetics, thermal ecology, nutritional ecology, reproductive physiology, osmoregulation, and endocrinology. (Spring only)
Prereq: BIOL 213 .

WLF 398 (s) Renewable Natural Resources Internship

Credit arranged
Supervised field experience with an appropriate public or private agency. Reqd for cooperative education students. Graded P/F.
Prereq: Permission of department .

WLF 400 (s) Seminar

Credit arranged
Prereq: permission.

WLF 403 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged.

WLF 404 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

WLF 415 Wildlife Conclave

1 credit
Objectives of the course are to 1) acquaint students with the procedures and rules used in the Wildlife Quiz Bowl at the Western Students Wildlife Conclave held annually in March, 2) practice in game situations so that our team is competitive at the event, and 3) to learn practical facts and trivia about wildlife natural history, identification, history of wildlife management and laws, wildlife ecology and management, and related natural resource sciences. The course meets twice a week from the beginning of spring semester until spring break (when Conclave is held). Students are assigned areas to study, have quizzes on those areas of knowledge and provide new written questions with answers for possible use in future classes.

WLF 416 Molecular Methods in Population Biology

1 credit
Joint-listed with WLF 516.
Introductory workshop on basic procedures in molecular biology that have applications in ecology and evolutionary biology. Course includes DNA/RNA extraction, PCR, simple recombinant DNA procedures, DNA sequencing, and data analysis. Graduate level will require independent study project. Recommended preparation: Introductory level genetics, general and organic chemistry courses. (Fall only)
Prereq: Permission.

WLF 440 Conservation Biology

3 credits
Patterns of biological diversity; factors producing changes in diversity; values of diversity; management principles applied to small populations, protected areas, landscape linkages, biotic integrity, restoration, legal issues, and funding sources. (Fall only)
Prereq: FOR 221, REM 221, or BIOL 314 or Permission.

WLF 448 Fish and Wildlife Population Ecology

4 credits
Dynamics of animal populations resulting from balance between birth, death, and movement processes; quantitative methods for measuring distribution, abundance, survival and population growth; competition, predation, and self-regulation; viability and management of fish and wildlife populations. Three lec and one lab a wk. (Spring only)
Prereq: STAT 251; MATH 160 or 170.

WLF 473 ECB Senior Presentation

1 credit
Gen Ed: Senior Experience
Cross-listed with FISH 473, FOR 473, NRS 473, REM 473, and RMAT 473
Reporting and presenting the senior project (thesis or internship); taken after or concurrently with WLF 485 or WLF 497. Serves as the senior capstone course for Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB).
Prereq: Instructor Permission.

WLF 482 Ornithology

4 credits
Evolution, systematics, distribution, identification, and biology of birds, including current conservation efforts. Requires two days of field trips. (Spring only)
Prereq: BIOL 114 and BIOL 115.

WLF 483 Senior Project Presentation

1 credit
Cross-listed with FISH 483, FOR 483, NRS 483, and REM 483
Reporting and presenting the senior project (thesis or internship); taken after or concurrently with WLF 485 or WLF 497.

WLF 485 Ecology and Conservation Biology Senior Project

1-3 credits, max 3
Cross-Listed with FISH 485, FOR 485, and NRS 485
Scholarly work; learning objectives include development and formal proposal of a specific project and conducting the project or research with the guidance of a faculty mentor.

WLF 492 Wildlife Management

4 credits
Gen Ed: Senior Experience
Review of social and biological context for current practice of wildlife management including a hands on wildlife management project. Three lectures and one lab a week; two days of field trips. (Spring only)
Prereq: WLF 314, Senior Standing.
Prereq or Coreq: WLF 448.

WLF 497 Senior Thesis

1-3 credits, max 6
Preparation of thesis, exhibition, video, computer program, multimedia program, or other creative presentation based on research conducted under the guidance of a faculty mentor.
Prereq: Cumulative GPA of at least 3.2 in all college courses, completion of at least 90 credits, and permission of a faculty mentor.

WLF 499 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged
For the individual student; conferences, library, field, or lab work.
Prereq: Senior standing, GPA 2.5, and Permission.

WLF 500 Master's Research and Thesis

Credit arranged.

WLF 501 (s) Seminar

Credit arranged
Major philosophy, management, and research problems of wildlands; presentation of individual studies on assigned topics. Graded P (pass)/F (fail).
Prereq: Permission.

WLF 502 (s) Directed Study

Credit arranged.

WLF 503 (s) Workshop

Credit arranged
Selected topics in the conservation and management of natural resources.
Prereq: Permission.

WLF 504 (s) Special Topics

Credit arranged.

WLF 505 (s) Professional Development

Credit arranged.

WLF 506 (s) External Speakers

1 credit, max 6
Students will attend (or view recorded) seminars of fish and wildlife researchers and managers invited to present in our departmental seminar series. Students will read papers of external speakers, lead discussions of papers and assist with hosting speakers. Graded Pass/Fail.

WLF 516 Molecular Methods in Population Biology

1 credit
Joint-listed with WLF 416.
Introductory workshop on basic procedures in molecular biology that have applications in ecology and evolutionary biology. Course includes DNA/RNA extraction, PCR, simple recombinant DNA procedures, DNA sequencing, and data analysis. Graduate level will require independent study project. Recommended preparation: Introductory level genetics, general and organic chemistry courses. (Fall only)
Prereq: Permission.

WLF 540 Conservation Genetics

1-3 credits, max 3
Basic principles of population genetics and phylogenetics and their applications to the field of conservation and natural resource management. Taught in three 1-credit modules, and students can register for 1-3 credits. Module 1 includes introduction to conservation genetics and phylogenetics, module 2 includes population genetic theory and methods, and module 3 includes applications in conservation genetics and genomics. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students. (Spring, Alt/yrs)

WLF 541 Advanced Population Biology

3 credits
Readings and discussion of current theories of population control, their biological basis, and applications to animal populations. (Fall, Alt/yrs)
Prereq: WLF 448 or Permission.

WLF 544 Large Mammal Ecology

3 credits
Readings and discussion on large mammal management and ecology. Requires two days of field trips. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students. (Spring, Alt/yrs)
Prereq: WLF 492 or Permission.

WLF 545 Wildlife Habitat Ecology

2-3 credits
Reading and discussion on habitat concepts, analyses, and applications. Students enrolled in the 3rd credit will complete additional readings and quantitative problem sets. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students.
Prereq: WLF 492 or Permission, animal and plant ecology.

WLF 549 Conservation Genetics Lab

1 credit
This optional lab course is a complement to WLF 540 Conservation genetics and should be taken concurrently. Students will learn to analyze and interpret phylogenetic and population datasets using a variety of software packages. Students will also design and implement a lab for their classmates. (Fall, alt/even yrs)
Coreq: WLF 540.

WLF 552 Ecological Modeling

3 credits
Linear and nonlinear dynamical models of biological systems; computer-intensive introduction to concepts of stability, attractors, bifurcations, chaos; model identification, estimation, and evaluation; applications in aquatic and terrestrial ecological communities. (Spring only, Alt/yrs)
Prereq: MATH 175 and FOR 221 or Permission.

WLF 555 Statistical Ecology

3 credits
Cross-listed with STAT 555
Stochastic models in ecological work; discrete and continuous statistical distributions, birth-death processes, diffusion processes; applications in population dynamics, population genetics, ecological sampling, spatial analysis, and conservation biology. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students. (Spring, Alt/yrs)
Prereq: MATH 451 or Permission.

WLF 561 Landscape Genetics

2 credits
Landscape genetics is an interdisciplinary field of study that evaluates how landscape and environmental features influence gene flow, population structure and local adaptation by integrating landscape ecology, population genetics and spatial statistics. This course covers applications of landscape genetics that can improve our understanding of ecology, evolution, and management of wild populations. Recommended Preparation: Population genetics or conservation genetics, and multivariate or spatial statistics. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students. (Spring, alt/even yrs)

WLF 562 Landscape Genetics Lab

1-2 credits
This optional lab course is a complement to WLF 561 Landscape genetics and should be taken concurrently. Students will learn to analyze and interpret landscape genetic datasets using a variety of methods. If taken for two credits, students will do a project analyzing landscape genetic data. Recommended Preparation: Population genetics or conservation genetics, and multivariate or spatial statistics. Cooperative: open to WSU degree-seeking students. (Spring, alt/even yrs)
Coreq: WLF 561.

WLF 575 Behavioral Ecology

2 credits
Behavioral Ecology is the study of evolutionary causes and fitness consequences of behavioral decisions by animals. This course will explore theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding behavioral ecology across a diversity of species, with an emphasis on vertebrates. The format will include short lectures and facilitated discussions of primary literature. The course is open to graduate students and seniors with instructor permission.

WLF 598 (s) Internship

Credit arranged.

WLF 599 (s) Research

Credit arranged
Research not directly related to a thesis or dissertation.
Prereq: Permission.

WLF 600 Doctoral Research and Dissertation

Credit arranged
Prereq: Admission to the doctoral program in "natural resources" and Permission of department.